Golf Handicap Calculator

While the professionals play the sport at a level that most players can only dream of, there are still good players at every level of the game. Its all about creating a measurable stratification of levels of play, or levels of golfing skill, that can be used to determine the relative skill level of a given golfer in relation to par. This is when the relevance of a golf handicap comes into play. The golf handicap refers to allotment of “strokes”, or number of times the golf ball is struck during a round, that will be subtracted from a players score at the end of play. Since the objective in golf is to have the lowest possible score at the end of a round, the golf handicap serves to give players who are at a disadvantage with regard to skill a sort of level playing field when competing with a group of other golfers, and it does this by subtracting a set number of strokes from a given players score based on his or her actual skill level. In other words since par is generally 72 for eighteen holes of golf, if a players handicap is -11 and they score an 86, their handicap will bring their final score to a 75.

usga flags

To begin with the actual calculation of a golf handicap as determined by the USGA, a player must first compile a maximum of 20 scores, and a minimum of 5. For each of these scores, the player in question must convert them to “adjusted gross scores” which are the actual scores from each round minus the course rating, multiplied by 113 (113 is a figure utilized by the USGA in Golf Course design to represent the slope rating of a given golf course of moderate or average difficulty) and divided by the slope rating (course and slope ratings are determined by the USGA). After this math is performed with a given player’s 5-20 scores, the resulting figures will serve as differentials. The next step in determining a player’s golf handicap will be to determine how many of these differentials will be used in the following part of the golf handicap calculator process.

To determine the number of differentials you will be using, you need only address the number of scores you were working with initially. For example, if when you started calculating your golf handicap you only had 5 or 6 scores to work with, then you will only utilize the one lowest differential. If you had 7 or 8 scores to work with, then would use only the 2 lowest differentials in the next step of the calculation. If you had 9 or 10 scores, you would use the 3 lowest differentials. 11 or 12 scores, 4 lowest differentials. 13 or 14 scores, 5 lowest differentials. 15 or 16 scores, 6 lowest differentials. 17 scores, 7 lowest differentials. 18 scores, 8 lowest differentials. 19 scores, 9 lowest differentials, and finally if you began with 20 scores you would use the 10 lowest differentials in the next part of the golf handicap calculator procedure.

The final step in calculating your all-important golf handicap is to take your grouping of differentials, add them all together, and then divide this sum by the number of differentials you used in order to obtain an average. You will then multiply this average by .96, or 96%, and proceed to remove all of the digits after the tenths place. What you will be seeing at this point, is your golf handicap index. You’ve finally done it; finally narrowed in on the exact handicap value that most accurately describes your relative skill level as a golfer. You can now move on to utilizing this number in tournaments, club outings, invitationals, and any other competitive golfing events where handicaps are relevant to scoring.

Choose the right keywords

Keyword Analysis

What are people searching for and how do I know what content to put on my website are both common questions that are asked by website owners. Here are some words of advice that may help you.

Proper keyword research is vital to the success of your website. It’s important to know what people are searching for so that you target the right keywords. This is the vital part that separates the successful websites from the ones that flop.

keyword planner

Start with the Google keyword planner

The keyword planner on the google adwords website is available for free and it will show you the number of monthly searches for any keyword you choose. Login to google adwords and find the keyword planner tool and select the option to search for keyword volume. Then type the keyword of your choice, select the country or region and then click search. You will then get a list of searches for the keyword you have entered. You may also add more than one keyword if you choose.

Once you know how many searches there are and how to find them its then time to check the competition and difficulty. Every keyword has varying competition ranging from low to high. You should start with low competition keywords so that you can see results in a short time. If you target high competition keywords then you’ll  need to do an enormous amount of work to see results and it will probably take a a few months before you get a significant amount of traffic. Working with easy keywords will get you started and you’ll start to see results sooner which will keep you fired up for the tougher keywords. Sometimes you can find low competition keywords with not much traffic but they convert very well. This is especially good if the keyword has a high value conversion. It’s all about profitability and sometimes low competition keywords that pay high dividends are the way to go.

Speak to someone like johannesburg seo who has experience with keyword research and you can save yourself a lot of time and money. Get to know which keywords are the right ones for you in your niche.

Does my website need search engine optimization

You have a website that looks great and you have spend a large amount of money on. Now the problem is how will people find your website. Many people that are new to online marketing think that once they have a website that people will find them but this is not true. Your website is like one of the stars in the sky. Its one of millions out there. There are many stars that we dont even know of yet because there are so many. Your website is one of those stars lost in space. You need to tell people that its there or they wont know or you need to get your website to be noticed when people look for it. SEO firm Glasgow was able to get their rankings up really fast by using the right methods. Glasgow seo has the right tips to get your website ranking fast. Contact them by visiting their website.


This is where Johannesburg SEO comes in . The guys from a Johannesburg search engine optimization company say that you need to tell google and the search engines that your website exists and then you need to give them reason to show your website first instead of all the others. If you can do that then your business will explode and you will do well.

Social media marketing like facebook or SEO Johannesburg Linkedin can also help spread the word about your business and if you link from your social profiles you will also get a boost in the search engines. SEO is important and we suggest you get to it as soon as possible as it may take a few months to get your website ranking.

The story of the white wedding dress

The Wedding dress has been known in the western culture to be the white, long, elegant gown a woman wears for her wedding day. The color and style for the wedding dress can depend on which religion and culture the people who are getting married are accustomed to. The white wedding dress became known thanks to Queen Victoria during the 19th century. But in the eastern cultures, you will see that brides often chooses a red wedding dresses to symbolize luck for future success.

wedding dress 1


Images from GF bridal couture – wedding gowns.

Have a look at wedding photographers in Johannesburg for more wedding dress pictures.

During the middle ages, most often brides would dress according to the social class they belonged to. Brides of noble background would wear strong and bold colors, expensive fabrics like velvet and silk and not forget layers and layers of fur, all of course in the style of the current fashion. Mean while the less fortunate brides would dress in their best church dresses. What dress the bride wore for her wedding day was a indication of their social status and family wealth.

The first royal white wedding gown, known in history is the dress Philippa of England wore on her wedding day in 1406. It was a tunic with a cloak in white silk bordered with grey ermine and squirrel fur. Then a hundred years later in 1559, Mary, Queen of Scots wore a white wedding gown as she wed Francis Dauphing of France, as it was her favorite color, even though white at the time represented mourning for French Queens.

As colorful fabric was most common, black was also very popular in Scandinavia at the time. It was only after 1840 that the white wedding dress really got popular. After Queen Victoria wore her prized white lace on her wedding gown, many brides wanted to make the same choice as the Queen herself, and chose to dress in white on their wedding day.

Generally over the times, wedding dresses have been adapted to look fashionable for their time. Like in the 1920s they where made to be short in the front and long at the back with a long train flowing down the back, and a matching cloche style veil. To follow the current fashion continued up to late 60s. Then the fashion of wedding dresses reverted and it became popular to wear the long skirts like from the Victorian era.

Even after that, for a period, wedding dresses were adapted to the styles of the day. For example, in the 1920s, they were typically short in the front with a longer train in the back and were worn with cloche-style

Todays wedding dresses also vary in colors, though white is the most popular. Including shades like eggshell, ecru and ivory. Today most people seem to think that the white color intended to be a symbol of virginity, it never was the intention, blue was always the color that represented purity, faithfulness and the Virgin Mary.

As designing wedding dresses with sleeves, and altering dresses with sleeves are much more work then the dresses without sleeves, the market offers many more wedding dresses that are sleeveless then with sleeves. Though both dresses over the last years are equally popular.


How to achieve permanent hair removal

Removing hair is a painful experience. Then after a few weeks it just grows back again. Some people pluck or wax it out, others shave. There are also some unusual methods out there. Recently laser hair removal has become very popular. By using a strong light this procedure is able to destroy the hair and when it grows back it it will be thinner and lighter. However its not as simple as it sounds and as with everything there are possible negative side effects. In life there is no free lunch.

Laser seems to be the best method for achieving permanent hair removal. It has become very popular with woman and even men. This method can be very costly though. At a Johannesburg laser hair removal clinic you can expect to pay around R500 to R1000 per session for a small area such as those of the face. Chin, mostache area and sideburns. For larger areas you will pay a lot more and you should expect to pay for 5 sessions before you achieve the results you want. So if you do your chin you can pay about R 2500 or your arm pits R 4000 or more. If you need a lot of areas done this can cost you a lot of money.


So is it worth the cost?

We think it is. The benefits of permanent hair removal definately is greater than the cost especially long term. Think about what you pay for waxing or any other methods that you are currently using. What does this add up to over a few months or years? Some woman have more hair or darker hair which makes them feel uncomfortable and affects their self esteem. The benefits of permanent hair removal for these individuals is greater since they need it more.

You may wonder if there are any side effects to this type of treatment. There are . The most common being redness and a slight swelling of the skin where the procedure was done. Some people experience itchy skin after treatment but this as well as other mild side effects can be treated with ice. There are some more dangerous side effects that may affect people with light sensitive skin. There may be discoloration or burns. If you use a experienced beauty therapist then you will probably not have any problems.

Try it and see how it works for you.

Should I hire a Aupair

With our crazy lifestyle it can help to have a au pair. We will discuss the reasons for having one and if it is worth the cost.

Most people hire a aupair to help with their children especially if they have many. The problem with our modern economy is that it has become so efficient and many of the gaps have closed. Employees dont usually get paid what they are worth and it has become difficult for families to get by on only one salary. This has brought many more women into the workplace and now it is common to see working mothers who have less time available for their children since they work a full day and deal with difficult bosses. With both parents working or with single moms having to work long hours, the demand for au pairs have increased significantly. Its tough to be a good parent in todays lifestyle

happy au pair

So should you get a au pair?

With every choice in life there are positive and negative effects. The best solution is to find a method that works for you where you gain the positive consequences and minimise the negative ones. The choice is yours and you will know what is best for your family. You can chat to a au pair agency in johannesburg that we know. They will give you the best advice when you are looking for a au pair.

Even if you dont work you need help now and again so having a helper is recommended. Especially when having 4 or more children. Sometimes you need a break. Time to recover and relax.

If you work long hours we suggest that you hire a aupair to help with your children. They are a lifesaver when it comes to helping with the day to day tasks. The negative effects could be that children don’t bond with their parents and they become attached to the au pair.